The Egba people are a subgroup of the Yoruba peoplean ethnic group of western Nigeriaa majority of whom are from the central part of Ogun State that is Ogun Central Senatorial District. The Egba group, originally under the Oyo Empirebecame independent following the spectacular collapse of Oyo in the first half of the 19th century. The Egba nation is made up of the following subdivisions: the AkeOwuOke Ona and Gbaguraeach with its own king. Historically, the Egba nation is made up of these four divisions; Ibara, though geographically located in Abeokuta as well, is part of Yewaland.
During colonial rule the British recognised the Alake or King of Ake as the paramount ruler of the whole clan and their territory, and so, his successor is now referred to as the Alake of Egbaland. The titles of the kings of the aforementioned subdivisions are therefore Alake of EgbalandOshile of Oke OnaAgura of Gbaguraand Olowu of Owuin order of settlement and seniority in the Egba nation. Olumo Rock is in the territory of and under the control of the Itokos. Another reference name for Abeokuta by the founding fathers is Oko Adagba Adagba's Farm in reference to the hunter that discovered Olumo Rock.
Adagba went hunting in search of game animals from the Obantoko township where his fellow Itoko citizens were stationed while wandering for a settlement. He then came across the mountain. Egbaland was where Henry Townsend lived, and was also the home of the first newspaper in Nigeria Iwe Irohin. Its people went on to serve as the first of the many Nigerian nations until recently, the only one of them to have an anthem.
LafuWhite Amala and Ewedu soup; badan. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about a subgroup of the Yoruba people in western Nigeria. Not to be confused with Igbo people. LitCaf Encyclopedia. Yoruba topics. Western Nigeria Nigeria. Categories : Yoruba subgroups Ethnic groups in Nigeria. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.
Perhaps for the divisions, they were susceptible to attacks, thus for some time they were province of old Oyo empire. However, in their quest for freedom and democracy, the three sections, working together under Lisabi, got rid of Oyo imperialism in the late eighteenth century and became self-governing federation.
The attack forced the Egba out of their homes and under Sodeke, migrated to a hilly area marked by huge rock presently known as Olumu Rock that used to be a camp for some Egba hunters and farmers. It must be noted that the Owus were not a foundation member of Abeokuta. One can therefore, rightly say that the emergence of Egba kingdom came about during the fratricidal war of the Nineteenth century in Yoruba land. The war started partly as a result of the struggle between various Yoruba districts as well as the attack on Ife towns by Olowu Amororo, an action considered as sacrilegious because of the sacredness of Ile -Ife in Yoruba land the supposed spiritual birthplace of the Yorubas.
The result of his action became a disaster for the Owu people in their origina abode and threw the whole of Yoruba land into civil war. The Owu were thoroughly defeated by the combined forces of Ibadan and Ijebu, and the Oni of Ife, the spiritual head of the Yorubas, ordered with his constitutional authority, that the Owu capital, Orile-Owu must be destroyed with no human existence.
They became a scattered people and Sodeke invited some remnants Owu to settle with the original Egbas in at Abeokuta. He tried to undermine the power of the Alafin, but met his waterloo in the hands of Ibadan warriors led by Bashorun Ogunmola.
Ijaye was destroyed and many of them found their way to Abeokuta like the Owus. The Owus are scattered people trying to lay claim to homeland through settlement. The Egba and Dahomey war is also interrelated with this because the two Obansanjo and Ajibola of them said that the Owu saved the Egba from the Dahomiens. I think this is an attempt to degrade other Egba people who are known as great warriors from the outset. There were two major attacks on Abeokuta by the Dahomiens.
Spread the love. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.The Egba are ancient freedom-fighters, highly intellectual, artistic and agriculturalist Yoruboid-speaking people that forms the sub-set of the larger Yoruba ethnic group of West Africa, particularly in Nigeria and the Republic of Benin.
Egba people of Ogun StateEgba people who are the original founders of the city of Abeokuta which they share with Owu people later arrivalshad an opportunity of their land also settled on by missionaries in the s by Sierra Leone Creole Saro, who were Nigerians and others Africans descendants repatriated from diaspora back to Sierra Leone who later became prominent as missionaries and as businessmen.
In the battle at Abeokuta in ,the Egbas were aided by the missionaries and also armed by the British. Another Dahomey attack was repulsed in Troubles in the s with the British in Lagos led the Egbas to close the trade routes to the coast and they expelled its missionaries and European traders at about Egba people are direct descendants of Orafiyan, son and successor of Oduduwa, the progenitor of Yoruba people.
They were under a federation of three groups-Ake, Okeona and Gbagura scattered over towns and including the modern city of Ibadan, Oyo and Ijaye.
Egba people were parts of the famous pre-colonial African Oyo empire Kingdom in Nigeria. Up until the 18th Century, the Egba people lived in a cluster of villages around a place known as Orile-Itoko, as a subject territory of the old Oyo Empire, which was one of the strongest empires that ever existed in West Africa.
Just like the Roman Empire, the Oyo empire was so strong that it easily quelled any form of uprising or rebellion from any of its subject-states. The very point the oracle asked them to relocate to.
That is to say, they have no king that rules. The king is acknowledged as the head of the government, but only as a figure head.
The Egbas, the Owus, and the Dahomeans – African History
More marked was this when they lived in separate townships before their concentration at Abeokuta. The same rule holds good even at Abeokuta for each township. Amongst the highest Ogboni titles are : —. The warriors rank next after the Ogbonis, the Balogun and the Seriki being the most important.
The Egbas have been significant members of ruling political parties, music, art, feminism advocacy, freedom and democracy and at the forefront of Human Rights campaigns.
In fact, they have contributed significantly to the political development of Nigeria and the world. Abiola, was a popular Nigerian Yoruba businessman, publisher, politician and aristocrat of the Yoruba Egba clan. He ran for the presidency inand is widely regarded as the presumed winner of the inconclusive election since no official final results were announced.
He died inafter being denied victory when the entire election results were dubiously annulled by the preceding military president Ibrahim Babangida because of alleged evidence that they were corrupt and unfair.
The Egbas can be distinguished from other Yoruba group with how their facial tribal marks are cut. The Egba facial mark is known as the Abaja Oro, i.
They consist of three perpendicular lines each about 3 inches long on each cheek.Like Liked by 1 person. Such is life, my roots calls strongly even after after several years in foreign lands. Ogun gbenagbena, oje igi lo hun mu. Meje ni ire, Meje Loogun Ogun Alara ni je Aja Ogun oni gbajamo, irun ori ni je, Ogun gbenagbena amu eje Ogun Elemona, Oje igi ni mu Ogun onikola, aje igbin Ogun korakora ni je ekuru funfun, ogun onire, agba Agbo, Bi e ba gunyan nile, efi toogun sile, Bi e ba rooka nile, efi toogun sile, Nitori ogun lo roko, Ogun lo pa ajuba.
Like Like. This is both fantastic and wonderful, I never know some people still hold over culture in high esteem as this. My people, Ogun is one of the deities that our fore-fathers celebrated and they live much more longer than what we have now. Eyin omo Yoruba karo ojire, e maa je ka gba gbe isese nitoripe isese lagba o. Olojubu over 25years ago.
Ogun lakaaye osin mole,onile kangunkangun ode orun, kolominile fejewe, kolaso nile ofi imokimo bora bi aso, ogun alada meji, onfi ikan lana, onfi ekeji sanko, olejeleje tiida omo eranko nitan, yankan bi ogbe ejo omo owere, koriko odo tiiru minimini, ogun kolaso meji mariwo laso ogun, aso alaso logun ngba bora.
Ogun onile loma njaja, ogun onire amuje, ogun gbenagbena oje igi lonmu. Nijo ti ogun nti ikole orun bowa sile aye aso ina lofi bora, ewu eje logun wo.
Ogun onile owo, olona ola, ogun aye nii ro irin, lonro oje lonro baba, ogun orun AJE lon ro. Orisa tobani ti Ogun kosi, yio fi enu rte hosu je. Won ni ki nbogun mi! Moti boo. You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account. Notify me of new comments via email. Notify me of new posts via email. Like this: Like Loading Oriki is an integral part of Yoruba culture.
Ogun gbenagbena, oje igi lo hun mu Like Liked by 1 person. I so much love this,Please keep the good work rolling. Thank you. My warm regards Like Liked by 1 person. Daruko ogun meje to ni ati pe kin n je. Am so impressed. Am proud to be Yoruba. Thank you Mrs Oyefunke, I adore what you posted. Pls inbox me on Like Liked by 1 person.Omo oniMushin Ajina, o nwoye ee, o nwoye sese niba, Atanda daso f'eeyan o tun daso feegun, Atanda o ku bibiire.
Oriki is important for every mother giving birth to a child, because it is sang in the form of a song to a crying child, and upon hearing the Oriki the child would be calm and would stop crying. It is such a deep connection that creates special bond between a child and the parents, especially the mother.
Oriki is almost magical on every individual, because its a special connection of lineage and its effects is still as potent as it used to Oriki varies in length depending on lineage and the clan of the individual and the past ancestors.
Just as you know that the Yoruba nation is a civilized nation and has varieties in every part of its culture and tradition,so is the Oriki. Oriki varies and it is based on each family lineage and ancestral clan,which talks about the bravery act and the pedigree of their ancestors. Just as an individual has Eulogy ,so does every village, town and empire in yoruba nation.
Some Oriki can be in the form of a name, and some are used as surname. Though most oriki that are in the form of names are cropped out from the long Oriki of the individual or clan. Oriki is the combination of the heroic act or the ancestors of an individual and it is also a means to remind an individual of the clan and lineage that the person came from and its pedigree.
Eyin tun lomo ogun ja koja ilu iseyin ibi oju buyi ju enu nlo. Eni ba nfe aso 'tata ti ile Yoruba, eni ki won kori si Iseyin, Nibi tin won ti nhun gida ninu Aso. Iwo olodo oba, omo ateni gbola, teni gbore nile odidere Omo oba to lu gberin afiporo je omo to lu gberin gberin Iwo ti ko nilekun beni koni kokoro, Eru wewe ni won fi n dele Ngba ogbomoso ba se o n ti o se tan Bo logbon inu osebi ere ni omo ajileten ba olu ware se ni.
Ogun o jaja ki o kogbomoso ri e de inu oko esinmin Ogbomoso Ajilete si ogo re l'a fe korin, Iwo t'a te s'arin odan, Okan ninu ilu Akin Before taking office, Kakanfos of old were made to pass through rigorous spiritual exercises including shaving the head after which incisions are made on the bald head with different lancets. The incisions are mainly to make the Kakanfo fearless and courageous, hence the stubborn and obstinate nature of Aare Ona Kakanfos.
In the days of the Oyo Empire, Oyo indigenes or residents were never made Kakanfos because the Aare was not to give way to anyone, not even the Alaafin, if the need ever arose. In other words, he is to return home a victor or be brought home as a corpse. Omo eye mumi sasa loje ile Omo elekiti mope timo otun oloia to lo oje Omo elewu dudu to muti ku faare nigbo yemetu. Omo kundani, Omo aridi ogo logun omo aroyin ogun baara fagbe Omo bim bim a fee bu wonti wonti Omo obinrin jowu orere obi se re je Omo sakiti wonyin wonyin lIasa o gbaro Oje kii jeye ego, beeni kii ie eye orofo ojo to ba binu won a fi itan re mejeji binu Omo agbon odo soro Ion pe tu.The Egba tribe is a sub-ethnic group of one of the major tribes in Nigeria — the Yoruba tribe.
They are a group of people domiciled in Ogun State, precisely Abeokuta. It is worthy to note that besides being one of the four major ethnic groups in Ogun State, they are also one of the most popular sub-ethnic groups in Nigeria as a whole. As a matter of fact, the Egbas have their history linked up with Dahomey. Abeokuta was not the founding territory of the Egbas.
Sequel to their freedom from their captivity under the Oyo Empire, in the 19 th century, they experienced yet another insurgency from the people of Oyo. The Egbas welcomed more migrants who were fleeing from their towns to settle at Abeokuta. As the population of the Egbas increased and Abeokuta expanded, the people became strengthened and were able to withstand the attacks of the Ijebus, Oyos and Ibadans.Oriki Egba
By the s, the missionaries settled in Abeokuta and this influenced civilization greatly among the Egbas. Christianity was introduced in and with it came formal education. Furthermore, the abolition of several governments and their fusion into one strong government endeared the British to the Egbas and therefore, strengthened them. Governance in Egbaland is autonomous.
Whereas the Ogboni society exercised legislative and judicial powers, civil disputes were settled at Idi Ere — the Royal Court in Ake Palace.
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Click to comment. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Did you Know? To Top.Alake ti ilu egba ni emi represent, meanwhile u forgot Oloota of Ota. Mo gbo wipe awon omo Iwo olodo oba ma n rewa l'obirin ati lo'kunrin.
Eyin Omo Egba Mo’Lusabi, Itan Yin Re O
Ti ilu mi ni "Oba Alerinlogba",orisi risi ni ti ilu mi over d decades tori oba ni anfaani lati mu title tii o ba feran,baba mi nje Alerinlogba tori won man kii wa ni ile wa pe " omo amerin wa mo'lu tori baba NLA baba mi mu Erin WO inu ila wa ni ijo na loun!! Oliri Orente I love youuuuuu Alakire ti ilu ikire ni temi oooo Posh hajia, omo Iwo, e Ku ise ooo. Omo ilu Cross river ni mi amo omo ilu eko ni oko Mi.
Mi ko mo bi won se ma n'ki oba won o. Iyawo wa. Iyawo rere l'oode oko.
The Egbas, the Owus, and the Dahomeans – African History
Ma worry, a ma ko e bi o se le'ki oriki ilu oko e. Olori Orente, e jo wo, e ba was ko aya wa ni oriki eko o. E je ki n fi eyokan si Alaaye ti ilu Efon Alaaye. Sugbon, e mi je omo owa, omo ekun, omo Mo ma pe yeye baba mi looni lati ki mi ni oriki ilu mi. E shey pupo. Olori, kaare o! Eku ojo Friday. Eeeh, eduro na, kini ojo Friday ni ede Yoruba? Monday- ojo aje Tuesday- ojo isegun Wednesday- ojoru Thursday- ojobo Friday- ojo eti Saturday- ojo abameta Sunday- ojo aiku.
Olori, eku ise o.
Ilorin ilu alfa, enu dun ju iyo lo. Olofa ti ilu Offa ni ama n pe Oba ilu mi Olori Adeola, eku ise takun takun. Awa ni omo oni Ijebu egboro, omo a wure fi ase ba enun. Oba ti wa ni Elegboro of Ijebu-Ijesa. Egboro agbe gbogbo.
Emi ki se omo Yoruba sugbon ilu eko ni won bi mi si. Mio gbo ede ilu mi daada sugbon mogbo Yoruba gan. Ni soki, omo eko aromisa legbe legbe ni mi.
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